Le cataclysme fait
couler de l'encre[The climate cataclysm has ended up spilling some ink]
by Louise Couvelaire, for LE MONDE magazine,
le 21 novembre 2014
GOOGLE TRANSLATION SAYS:
Floods, hurricanes, superstorms, drought ... Climate change issues are inspiring writers and film directors around the world, from North America to Europe to Africa and India and Asia. A new genre, dubbed ''cli-fi'', is educating readers and movie-goers and inspiring activists and political leaders about environmental issues. And it's catching on!
In Hollywood, there's "Noah," by Darren Aronofsky, released in France in April 2014.
In the US and Canada and the UK, apocalyptic fiction has a long history. Nuclear war, the Biblical last judgment, killer epidemics, destructive asteroids, Armageddon zombie attacks or alien invasions ... the end of the world is a promising literary niche that is always ready to be mined by fine writers and movie directors.
Today, the range is expanding to accommodate a new genre that is all the rage: -- cli-fi, a shortened form modelled after the sci fi term and using the "climate fiction" phrase as in CLI-mate FI-ction to make it cli fi for short. But Americans are among the most ardent climate denialists in the world. But this rightwing climate skeptics movement is losing momentum. The city of Miami, Florida, is threatened by rising sea levels, fires ravage more every year California, drought befell Texas, Hurricane Sandy devastated the East Coast of the country there two years ago ... the weather is finally changing attitudes. And as a result, we are seeing the rise of works -- short stories, novels and movies -- featuring ecological disaster in the near future.
A click on the Amazon site leads to many novels of the genre, almost 250. And Goodreads, too. [And there are many sites about cli fi now from Paul Collins' FB page to Dan Bloom's Cli Fi Movie Awards site to other sitse focusing on nature writing and poetry and short story contests.] [And many media stories from the New York Times to the Winnipeg Free Press to TIME magagzine to the Guardian and the Financial Times also talk about cli fi. In France, we are listening, too. In Germany and Norway and Finland, too.]
First of these eco-doom books, The Four Apocalypses, the British J.G. Ballard, back to the 1960s. each part of this series is devoted to a different disaster, causing the destruction of human civilization: the flood engulfed in the world; The Wind in the storms of nowhere; Drought in the heat; fossilization in The Crystal World.
In the 2000s, Kim Stanley Robinson, star of science fiction, presented the Climate Apocalypse up to date with his new trilogy The 40 Signs of the rain, 50 degrees below zero and 60 Days and after.
Since, it's the wave.
Among other feathers like: Paolo Bacigalupi with The Windup Girl (Au Diable Vauvert, 2012) and The Water Knife (untranslated, 2014);
Saci Lloyd with Carbon Diaries 2015 (Pocket Jeunesse, 2012) Carbon Diaries 2017 logs a girl of 16 who lives at a time when the UK has imposed quotas on CO2 production;
and the famous Margaret Atwood with the flood of Time (Robert Laffont, 2012).
Even successful writers investing niche like Barbara Kingsolver with In Light (Shores, 2013) or with Solar Ian McEwan (Gallimard, 2011), a kind of joke on melting ice background, end of oil and energy green.
Some US universities including ASU and the University of Oregon and The University of Wisconsin (Milwaukee), also captured the phenomenon, using the study of these novels to sensitize students to environmental issues.
Because that is what these authors and film directors and activists are hoping for, to raise the alarm, a cri de coeur as we say in French, a cry of alarm, shouting from the rooftops. Meanwhile, als, scientists and their reports have not been able to move people, boring boring boring statistics.
So to touch the conscience of readers ... as well as spectators i the cinema, cli fi is here!
Ten years after the Hollywood blockbuster The Day After Tomorrow, the big screen now connects the catastrophic blockbusters, like Noah (2014) or Interstellar (released November 5), whose main character, played by Matthew McConaughey, is charged with an astronaut explore other solar systems to save humanity to the brink of extinction.
IN FRENCH, THE ARTICLE SAYS: